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Sustainability > Key Activities 2013 > Reforestation in Indonesia
Fiscal 2013 Key Activities

Social Contribution. Reforestation in Indonesia. Supporting Sustainable Coexistence of People and the Forest

Preserving “Nature’s Air Conditioner,” the Natural Gifts from the Forest

Forests provide us with oxygen through photosynthesis and act as natural air conditioners by giving off water vapor that keeps atmospheric temperature from rising. They are also rich in biodiversity and have a range of functions including providing a water source and alleviating flooding.

Apart from a few regions that enjoy the benefits of planting efforts, however, the world’s forest areas continue to decline. The reasons include clearing forest land for agricultural use to meet the needs of a growing population and to reduce poverty, and cutting down trees for fuel wood.

Countries with Largest Decreases in Forest Area

Countries with Largest Decreases in Forest Area

Source: “State of the World’s Forests 2010,” by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Coexistence of People and the Forest, as “Nature’s Air Conditioner”

In 2008, Daikin and Conservation International (CI) launched a reforestation project in Indonesia. Besides tree planting, the project aims to alleviate poverty and furnish a sanitary living environment through efforts to create harmony between the local community and its forest. This project also contributes to several of the Millennium Development Goals of United Nations (UN), including to ensure environmental sustainability and to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.

Overview of Reforestation Project


UN Millennium Development Goals

  • Planting trees in devastated forests
  • Provision of water and electricity

Goal 7 Ensure environmental sustainability

  • Reverse the loss of environmental resources.
  • Halve, by 2015, the proportion of population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation.
  • Agroforestry by the local community
  • Training tour guides for ecotourism

Goal 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

  • Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1.25 a day.

Agroforestry by the Local Community

The island of Java, Indonesia, has doubled in population over the past 40 years. People have migrated illegally to protected forest land, where they tend to engage in illegal logging. This area is one of the most rapidly vanishing forested regions in the world. The Daikin-CI joint project covers this area, in which most residents are impoverished farming families living on roughly US$50.00 a month. Furthermore, most of their revenues are from single-crop farming, putting them at the mercy of the weather. They therefore tend to clear more forest land for farming. Unless a substitute source of income is made available, there is little hope that these people will stop logging and coexist sustainably with the forest.

The decision has therefore been made to seek a source of livelihood appropriate for the land. One solution is agroforestry, in which fruit trees are planted along with other types of trees that make up a natural forest. This approach reduces the need to cut down trees and makes long-term coexistence with the forest possible by protecting the forests and simultaneously providing income.

Local residents took part actively in this project. A new community of farmers held discussion meetings and selected farm products that can be sold for a good price on the market. They are harvesting common beans, cucumbers, and other crops and gradually enjoying a steady income and livelihood.

Planting more than trees 120,000

Planting trees in IndonesiaPlanting trees in Indonesia
Reforestation, together with customersReforestation, together with customers
Cucumber cultivation provides a new source of income.Cucumber cultivation provides a new source of income.

(c) Conservation International/photo by Anton Ario

Provision of Water and Electricity as Nature’s Gifts to Residents

Through this project, we are also improving the community’s standard of living by providing residents with the forest’s gifts in the form of water and electricity.

In February 2012, we installed a pico-hydro power generator that converts flowing water into electricity. In April 2012, we also installed water pipes and storage tanks to receive water from a water source, providing running water for areas that previously had none. This water made the establishment of freshwater fish aquaculture possible, providing additional income for local people. Moreover, in November 2013, the installation of flush toilets improved the community’s sanitation level. Residents were instructed on how to manage these various new facilities as an important part of protecting the forest as a source of water.

This project has been well received, as it creates mechanisms that place local people in charge of protecting and revitalizing forests, resulted in a higher standard of living and a greater appreciation for the preservation of forests. In fact, the Indonesia’s Forest Protection and Nature Conservation under the Ministry of Forestry has begun a similar project in a neighboring region. Daikin is now expanding this program for reforestation and community support beyond Indonesia, with the aim of contributing to sustainable reforestation and community development around the world. We have been implementing the program in Shiretoko, Japan, since fiscal 2011, and began programs in Brazil, Cambodia, India, China, and Liberia in fiscal 2014.

Running water and electricity are now available for residents 1,500

Providing water for communitiesProviding water for communities
Freshwater fish aquacultureFreshwater fish aquaculture
Providing electricity for communitiesProviding electricity for communities

(c) Conservation International/photo by Anton Ario

Stakeholder's Voice

Discovering the Importance of Forest’s Blessings

I have lived in this village for nearly 60 years. Until recently, we had to walk about two kilometers to draw our water, carrying the heavy containers filled with water back to our houses every day. Without easy access to water and electricity, our lives were uncertain and hopeless. Thanks to the support and cooperation of Daikin, we now enjoy clean water. We no longer have to walk a long distance to draw water. More children are now attending school. We have an improved sanitary environment.

We now realize the importance of taking responsibility for protection of the forest, which has given us so many benefits. By doing so, our children, grandchildren, and subsequent generations can enjoy nature’s blessings and an abundant lifestyle.

Ujang Sarip

Ujang SaripChief of Panyusuhan Village


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