Human society is made possible thanks to the many blessings of biodiversity. For example, our rich forests provide us with oxygen through photosynthesis, they act as natural air conditioners by giving off water vapor that keeps atmospheric temperature from rising, and they act as air purifiers by removing pollutants from the atmosphere. As a company whose job is to provide comfortable air environments, Daikin considers forests to be the Earth's air conditioners. That's why we do all we can to protect biodiversity, both through our business and through environmental contribution activities.
The biggest impact, in the Daikin Group's business activities, on biodiversity is the emission of greenhouse gases. We therefore strive to minimize greenhouse gas emissions in all stages of our business: development and design, production, and sales.
As for our environmental contribution activities, we focus on protecting and fostering the natural riches of forests, which we call 'nature's air conditioners.' In the countries and regions in which we do business, we work with governments, residents groups, NPOs, and NGOs in efforts including the protection and rejuvenation of nature and the creation of new forests on our premises. We offer support to the employees who are conducting these activities, and we strive to provide information and education to the general public.
The ideas stated here form our Basic Philosophy on Protecting Biodiversity, which we established in September 2010.
We act for the sake of abundant greenery and fresh air.
Our society is built upon the many blessing that nature gives us. The source of these blessings is biodiversity. The loss of this biodiversity would hurt our water, food, and other aspects of our life.
Daikin's business also has a major effect on biodiversity through our contribution to global warming.
To contribute to a sustainable society, we strive to reduce our contribution to global warming throughout our business activities, and to maintain balance in ecosystems so that we can help bring back the abundance of the natural world.
Protection and rejuvenation of the blessings of nature
In 2014, Daikin launched its "Forests for the Air" project aimed at preserving valuable forests in seven locations around the world. The goal for the project's 10-year period is to conserve forests covering some 11 million hectares and in the process contribute to reducing 7 million tons of CO2 emissions.
In each of the seven locations, Daikin leverages global partnerships in not just planting trees but in helping local residents secure a livelihood that reduces their dependence on cutting down the trees of the forest. Through forest preservation, the project aims to solve social problems such as poverty and thus contribute to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Daikin Ales Aoya in Tottori Prefecture, Japan is a center for the training of employees who will be active on the world stage.
The facility is located at Idegahama, a beach known for its 'whistling sand.' The area is home to a typical coastal vegetation ecosystem: starting from the beach gradually give way to taller trees. However, this coastal vegetation has been rapidly disappearing in the last decade or two.
When Daikin Industries, Ltd. began to not just protect these rare beaches and dunes, but also bring back the nature that had been lost so that this coastal ecosystem could once again return to its natural state. We began by surveying the region's vegetation, based on which we made a proposal to plant vegetation. After implementation, we had advice from experts in the monitoring and fostering of the vegetation.
Daikin Ales Aoya serves to raise employees' environmental awareness through courses such as seedling-planting during new employee training. We also provide opportunities for local residents to utilize Daikin Ales Aoya. Since July 2016, it has been lent to Tottori University for use as a testing ground for practicing garden management where students conducted field work in protecting coastal vegetation and planting trees in coastal areas.
These activities were recognized with Excellent Stage 3 certification, which is the second highest level on the 5-step evaluation of the SEGES social/environmental contribution greenery evaluation system run by the Organization for Landscape and Urban Green Infrastructure.
Daikin Ales Aoya (overview)
These species are effective at resisting invasive species and are important to protecting beach vegetation.
A biotope was set up at the Sakai Plant in 2012 to establish a habitat for living things found in Sakai City. Since then, greening activities have been conducted around the biotope involving employees and their families through company functions and events.
Currently there are many aquatic lifeforms in the biotope at Kanaoka Factory, which is surrounded by residential areas, including fish such as Oryzias and Pseudorasbora parva, and others like giant dragonfly larva and Bellamya quadrata histrica. Also, birds such as spot-billed ducks and wagtails have come to visit. Going forward, we will further promote our activities with a medium- to long-term vision to host living things using endangered butterfly species, such as chestnut tiger and musk swallowtail, as indicators, while obtaining advice from experts.
The Shiga Plant of Daikin Industries, Ltd. began work to rejuvenate a community forest on its premises in fiscal 2012.
The conservation area was named the Daikin Shiga Forest and it was decided to use fireflies as a way to assess the effectiveness of the rejuvenation efforts.
Since fiscal 2016, we have utilized the Daikin Shiga Forest as a place for environmental education; for example, we take Daikin employee family members and local elementary school students on nature walks in the forest. In fiscal 2019, we held environmental education programs for elementary schools as well as families in the community.
In fiscal 2020, our employees planted 50 native Japanese irises at Shiga Plant in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the plant. We aim to replace the existing yellow irises*1 growing in the area that are non-native species systematically going forward in order to create a high quality Satoyama. In addition, in fiscal 2021, we started to introduce Hydrocharis dubia*2 as a native species. At the same time, our employees have been removing alien species regularly and expanding the circle of their activities.
The TIC Forest developed in conjunction with the opening of the Technology and Innovation Center (TIC) in fiscal 2015 is gradually looking more like a natural forest. Instead of leaving the forest up to natural selection, our employee volunteers have been working steadily to remove pests and prune dried branches. As a result, the forest has evolved into a place where a variety of species live and visit, including Peregrine falcon, stag beetle, musk swallowtail, and raccoon dog. We have chosen fireflies as the species for evaluating biodiversity, and started releasing their larvae and observing their emergence since fiscal 2018. In fiscal 2020, we confirmed at least 20 fireflies thriving in the area, and in fiscal 2021, we confirmed the presence of at least 30 fireflies as a result of natural breeding without releasing additional larvae.
Daikin has been involved in Satoyama restoration in places where it operates, including in Harashiroyama forest in Takatsuki City since fiscal 2012 and in Izuhara in Ibaraki City since fiscal 2016. Both of these efforts are part of the Prefecture of Osaka’s “Adopt a Forest” project, in which the prefecture mediates companies' purchases from private landowners so that forest land is preserved.
At Harashiroyama forest, which was traditionally used to harvest bamboo, and to obtain wood for firewood and making charcoal, Daikin is working with local residents to thin out and rejuvenate this local forest in order to restore productivity of the bamboo forests that have fallen into disrepair due to overgrowth. Daikin employees are also involved in activities as forest volunteers. Phase 2 of the exercise was completed at the end of fiscal 2021, while Phase 3 will continue until March 2025. At Izuhara, activities will continue until March 2025 with the goal of creating an abundant ecosystem in an abandoned coppice forest. A total of 130 employees and their families volunteered in the Harashiroyama and Izuhara forest projects as of the end of fiscal 2019. In fiscal 2021, forest development activity was held once at each location after a two-year break, with 15 employees participated in Harashiroyama and 16 employees participated in Izuhara.
To protect the natural environment adjacent to Daikin's worldwide production and sales bases, we conduct activities such as tree-planting, protection of nearby oceans and rivers, and protection of biodiversity.
|Daikin Industries (Thailand) Ltd.||
In December 2020, a tree-planting activity was held at Boonyarasri Temple, Klong Tamru, Muang, Chonburi where the factory is as part of the "Love Water, Love Forest, and Save the Land Project."
|Daikin Compressor Industries Ltd.||
Mangrove forest preservation activities contribute to the preservation of biodiversity by protecting the environment creatures live and grow in while preserving the livelihood of fishermen engaged in traditional fishing practices.
|McQuay Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (Wuhan) Co., Ltd.||
We are improving the habitat for animals and plants within the factory premises. Through properly caring for and replenishing trees, we increased green space from what was originally 8,873 square meters to 11,071 square meters in 2020. This provides perches for birds such as turtle doves, sparrows, and magpies.
|DAIKIN Manufacturing Germany GmbH||
The two bee nests found on the premises in 2020 are being properly managed with cooperation from a local beekeeping association. As an important pollinator in nature, the habitat loss for bees is a concern in Germany in recent years. We will continue our efforts for the survival of bees. In addition, we have set up several insect hotels that help beneficial insects build nests and survive the winter.
In fiscal 2021, we installed three bird feeders on the premises. This intends to help birds find food during the cold winter months. The first year interns are in charge of the installation, while future interns are expected to carry on the task every winter in order for them to learn about the importance of biodiversity.
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