Supply Chain Management
Daikin formulated a Purchasing Policy in 1992 that is the basis for fair dealings with suppliers.
"Respect Independence" and "Cooperation and Competition"
Daikin is working with suppliers worldwide in ensuring responsible procurement in order to fulfill its social responsibility across the entire supply chain. We consider our suppliers for raw materials and parts as important partners, with whom we are promoting relationships of trust through open, equal, and fair trade. At the same time, Daikin promotes CSR procurement with consideration for the environment, quality, occupational safety, and human rights within its supply chain including our suppliers in order to earn society's trust as a global company.
*As of April 2022
*As of April 2022
Daikin has an open door policy on choosing suppliers in which we welcome bids from any company, regardless of nationality, size, or transaction results.
In our air conditioning divisions, information on product specifications, quality and target cost, and delivery times is posted on our website in order to achieve equality of opportunity. All companies satisfying our criteria become eligible to do business with us.
In our chemicals divisions as well, we do business with any supplier meeting our criteria for specifications, quality, price, and delivery time.
Since October 2008, Daikin Industries, Ltd. has been an official member of the UN Global Compact, an initiative of the United Nations. It is also a member of the local body Global Compact Network Japan. We take part in the subcommittee on supply chains, a subcommittee comprising representatives of member companies and organizations. Subcommittee members meet to discuss and exchange information on CSR efforts in the supply chain, and to collaborate and cooperate in order to advance these efforts and thus strengthen supply chain management.
Before starting business dealings with Daikin, we ensure potential partners understand our Purchasing Policy, and we assess them on consistent standards. After business dealings begin, we conduct regular re-assessments based on ISO 9001, investigate compliance with our CSR Promotion Guidelines, and then review the business relationship accordingly.
In the air conditioning divisions, to ascertain the ability of suppliers to address ESG related risks, we investigate their compliance with the CSR Promotion Guidelines, which represent standards used globally by the Group, and determine whether the business relationship with suppliers can be continued. Before we start transactions with new suppliers, we use the Supplier Assessment Standard Sheet, which takes region-specific risks into account, to judge companies based on five criteria of administration, quality, price, delivery, and environmental measures. Suppliers are re-assessed every year at our business sites globally based on our Assessment System for Continuation of Business. We use the same standards globally to evaluate environmental aspects.
Companies that do not meet our assessment standards or companies that pose a high risk are required to make improvement plans that we assist them in implementing.
In the chemicals divisions, we assess new and existing suppliers based on ISO 9001 from the perspective of five criteria: management control, safety control, quality control, environmental control, and production control. We also strive to ascertain the status of suppliers' CSR initiatives. After starting business relationships, we strive to fairly assess suppliers from multiple perspectives, having numerous Daikin representatives negotiate with them and making regular visits to their companies.
Daikin established “build a robust and resilient supply chain that minimizes risks” as the company’s sustainability indicator and target for 2025, as an initiative for the sustainable development of business together with suppliers that runs alongside 'look for good partners' pursuant to our Purchasing Policy. This target proclaims that we will conduct socially responsible procurement as we tackle issues like the environment, human rights, and labor throughout the supply chain.
In April 2017, Daikin formulated its Supply Chain CSR Promotion Guidelines. These guidelines aim to further CSR at suppliers and other partners through stable and ongoing growth. In addition to standard requirements such as proper management and abidance with laws and regulations, the guidelines urge suppliers to strive to be better in every aspect of CSR, such as improving performance in the environment, quality, occupational safety, and human rights, and abstaining from dealing with companies in war-torn regions, targeting a compliance rate of 100% with the above among both domestic and overseas suppliers. Training based on these guidelines is held internally and at suppliers.
Furthermore, we promote our suppliers to educate and train their workers periodically, disclose information regarding their activities and progress properly on their website or other tools, and have continuous dialogue with their stakeholders.
We have conducted CSR questionnaires among the top 80% suppliers by procurement value in Japan and overseas for monitoring compliance with these guidelines and provide the results of questionnaires to suppliers as feedback. In addition, we evaluate suppliers by classifying their CSR initiatives according to our own standards and then recommend improvements or provide guidance to suppliers, in order to improve the quality of their CSR initiatives. These classes are A, for suppliers with excellent CSR initiatives, B, for suppliers currently implementing CSR initiatives, C, for suppliers with certain challenges in terms of CSR initiative themes, and D, for suppliers who do not implement CSR initiatives and face many challenges.
In fiscal 2021, we conducted the questionnaire after reviewing items concerning human rights given the growing interest in the topic in recent years. The percentage of suppliers with an class A, the highest level of CSR initiatives, was 72% in fiscal 2021. We will make efforts going forward to increase the percentage of class A suppliers to 100%.
|Quantitative target||Targets||Progress||Target fiscal year|
|Percentage of requests made to suppliers to implement initiatives based on the Guidelines||Request all suppliers to carry out CSR initiatives based on the Supply Chain CSR Promotion Guidelines||100%||100%||100%||2025|
|Increase of CSR questionnaires implementation rate||Conduct CSR questionnaires of more than 1,500 primary suppliers inside and outside of Japan (accounting for 80% of total procurement value)||143 companies in Japan and 511 companies overseas||449 companies in Japan and 487 companies overseas||Around 600 companies in Japan and around 700 companies overseas||2025|
Refer to Green Procurement (Environmental Management)
Under "11. Respect for human rights and diversity, and compliance with labor-related laws" of the Supply Chain CSR Promotion Guidelines, the Daikin Group strives to identify materials from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its surrounding countries and recommends suppliers to procure minerals from smelters with conflict-free certification. In addition, in July 2013, we established our Basic Policy Regarding Conflict Minerals.
In our air conditioning divisions, in fiscal 2016 we started an online registration system for results of conflict mineral (3TG: gold, tin, tantalum, and tungsten) surveys based on the latest system or tool designed by RMI*. This strengthens our system for surveying the procurement sources of conflict minerals.
To ensure that Daikin does not inadvertently provide assistance to inhuman acts of armed groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and surrounding countries, we are taking active measures to uphold appropriate mineral procurement by raising transparency of the supply chain in cooperation with our global business partners.
Daikin is working to mitigate growing procurement risks due to the globalization of its business operations.
We regularly evaluate suppliers to identify risk and have created an in-house system for making quick decisions on suppliers affected by risk, and we update our databases as needed in order to improve our ability to deal with problems when they arise.
We encourage the use of multiple suppliers across different regions and the commonization and/or standardization of parts in order to ensure raw materials and parts are supplied in a stable and timely manner at reasonable prices even if one supplier faces a deterioration in financial situation or in case of a natural disaster or accident.
Suppliers that carry parts and materials matching Daikin's core technologies are designated as "Critical Supplier" considering the three categories of "substitution difficulty," "size of transactional value", and "importance of items supplied." Moreover, from among these, suppliers that further meet the following criteria at a certain level are designated as "Global Supplier," with whom we promote business on a global scale.
Definition of Global Supplier
In fiscal 2021, 23 companies around the world have been designated as Global Suppliers to Daikin. Through our Global Supplier Conference, we work to adjust order volume, streamline costs, and ensure stable procurement in dealings with these 23 supplier companies. In addition, following the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, we are promoting greater procurement locally.
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